Human Helminthiasis - Symptoms and Treatment of Worms, Diagnosis

Deterioration of health is not only observed from infections that penetrate the body.

Parasites and worms can also cause discomfort, weakness, and mental breakdowns. They can lead to many of the consequences that people usually take on the manifestation of normal inflammatory processes.

What is helminthiasis? What symptoms does it show in humans?

The answer is simple.

Worms are parasitic, round, and tapeworms, and their bright representatives such as roundworms, pinworms, bovine tapeworms, tapeworms, and more. Of course, many people have encountered them in childhood or adulthood.

This disease, like helminthiasis, is the result of the influence and activity of worms in the body.

worm infection

Parasites in the human gut

Parasites can invade the human body in a number of ways, both needlessly clean and not obsessed with their health. They have enough.

Consider how worms appear in a healthy body:

  • Normal handshake. The easiest way to get in touch with a new host of the parasite. Passing through the upper layers of the epidermis, they first enter the skin and then the bloodstream. This mode of transmission is also effective when touching homeless street animals and touching other people's objects. Since a healthy person has good blood circulation, it is not difficult for them to reach their goals and find themselves in the chosen site of their future habitat;
  • through water. Many worms are perfectly preserved as larvae in fresh water and even sea water. Don't forget the wells and water pipes in the village. They are not overly sensitive. Care should also be taken when visiting swimming pools, baths and saunas. Maybe they were mishandled;
  • Wet soil and sand. Many worm eggs are excreted in feces and land on these surfaces. In suburban suburbs, even in children's sandboxes, it is easy to be infected;
  • Low quality product. These usually include seafood, fruits and vegetables, eggs and milk, cottage cheese;
  • Crowded people in public places. Supermarkets, shops, pharmacies and hospitals. Here, many people grab doorknobs, shelves, packaged products and handrails every day. rather than the fact that they are all healthy. Do not forget the dirt that gets into these rooms during the rainy and wet periods;
  • Insects are a danger during summer and fall. Mosquitoes and flies, even with their claws, can carry tiny tiny eggs.

Not following basic personal hygiene rules can also be added to the list of worm infestations in adults and children.

Which parasites are infected

Types of Human Parasites

There are plenty of parasitic representatives. And they all enter the body in different ways, migrating inside and affecting specific organs. Some of them choose one host, while others spend their entire lifespans with different carriers.

There are several major isolated parasites that people can observe in their own bodies:

  1. The most common roundworms are nematodes. Small white individual. up to 40 mm. Everyone knows about roundworms, pinworms, whipworms and tropical guinea worms. They live in the intestines, and eggs are laid in the anus, which are often excreted in feces. Determining nematode-infected worms is simple and requires no analysis;
  2. Parasitic tapeworms are larger and more dangerous. Reaching 10 meters, they migrate and enter almost all vital organs and systems. There have been cases of parasites suffocating after moving through the respiratory system. Manifested as bovine tapeworm, tapeworm;
  3. Fluke, fluke. They are rude to their habitat, so they penetrate their bodies through soil and water. They are found all over the body and are easily seen under sebum. This is mainly the area of the eyes and eyelids. Not only do they disrupt the gut flora, but also the tissues of other organs. Toxic effects cause physical depletion.

Of course, it is impossible to independently determine which worm is in a person. Only a method to detect worms and a complete examination can determine the type and subsequent treatment, and prescribe preventive measures in recovery.

Symptoms of Internal Parasites

If the worms have entered the body, you cannot recognize them immediately by the symptoms of the infection. Some only appear after a certain amount of time.

But all signs of worms in adults are so severe that at first glance they appear unprovoked:

  • The temperature rises sharply to the level of the inflammatory process. Typically 37. 6°C to 38°C;
  • manifestations of nausea, vomiting;
  • abdominal and navel pain;
  • possible redness of the skin;
  • weakness, lethargy, fatigue;
  • Occasionally involuntary grinding of teeth at night;
  • persistent dry cough and shortness of breath;
  • Violation of normal bowel movements. diarrhea or constipation;
  • anal itching;
  • acquire a yellowish or excessively pale complexion;
  • Muscle and joint discomfort.

It is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis based on these signs right away. But the human worms showed only symptoms corresponding to damaged organs. This is usually the gut, bronchi and liver with kidneys.

signs of running worms

abdominal pain caused by parasites

Delayed detection of parasites leads to more complicated consequences:

  1. Immunity plummeted. As a result, the ability of any infection and virus to enter the body;
  2. Urticaria, bronchial asthma, due to the persistent toxic effect of parasites. The excretion of worms causes severe allergies in the body;
  3. severe hair loss, eyelashes;
  4. unexplained brittle nails;
  5. Tooth decay, the gradual loss of enamel;
  6. profuse bleeding from the gums;
  7. Neuroticism, mental disorder.

In humans, helminths not only show symptoms of infection, but also cause a variety of diseases and exacerbate the course of existing diseases, so the parasite must be treated.

It's best to check in time and start removing the worms completely from the body.

diseases caused by parasites

Infections caused by parasites

The characteristic relentless signs of a worm invasion indicate that the body is severely toxic or has already caused damage to many organs and systems:

  • Disruption of the gastrointestinal tract. As most worms choose this place for further growth and development. Manifested as intestinal obstruction, dysbacteriosis, diarrhea, pancreatitis;
  • Respiratory system problems. Each migration of the parasite takes it to the bronchi and lungs. This usually results in cramps, pneumonia;
  • Damage to the central nervous system. Migraine, dizziness, loss of spatial orientation, irritability and depression;
  • Increased spleen, liver, decreased levels of bile outflow;
  • Urinary system insufficiency. Urethritis, cystitis;
  • reproductive organ problems. Vaginitis, an inflammatory process of the uterus, vagina, ovaries. possible sexual infection.

These are serious symptoms that worms develop. If you are concerned about your health, you should definitely see a doctor. Any signs that appear call for special inspections by specialists.

The most common blood test will show that the parasite has developed in the body. A hemoglobin value below 100 g/l, an increase of more than 6% in the number of eosinophils, a 9% increase in white blood cells, and a decrease in red blood cells of 3 g/l or less.

In addition, experts should note a dramatic decrease in proteins characteristic of allergies and an increase in immunoglobulins.

Parasitic diseases and their symptoms

Based on the type and class of worms, the signs of worm infection have acquired their respective names, distinguishing them from each other. For experts, this classification facilitates further treatment, rehabilitation and prevention.

Ascariasis. Naturally indicates the symptoms exhibited by the roundworm parasite, as well as possible concomitant diseases. In most cases, it was not observed immediately, but 2 weeks after ingestion of the worms.

Symptoms are similar to common cough, acute bronchitis, mild allergies. Confused with common infection as it comes with all of the above features and fever. There may be changes in the lymph nodes.

With advanced chronic ascariasis, all symptoms are complex. Blood pressure begins to rise, loss of appetite may occur, and persistent pain in the abdomen may occur. Frequent vomiting and constipation. The face becomes pale, the healthy complexion disappears, dark circles and swelling appear. At night, lack of sleep or no sleep at all becomes a habit. In fecal secretions, small white worms are visible.

Infiltration of pinworms or enterobiasis. It occurs frequently in young children due to non-compliance with personal hygiene rules. The infection is caused by frequent itching of the anus. Pinworms appear regularly. 1-2 days off. When the parasite enters, the body responds by involuntary gnashing of teeth at night, resulting in intermittent poor sleep. Not particularly dangerous and does not cause pain.

Worms, like flukes, can cause keratinosis. The acute course of the disease lasts up to 8 weeks. During this time there is an increase in body temperature, heaviness and bloating, diarrhea and a feeling of inflammation. With prolonged exposure to flukes, symptoms can also be transmitted to the respiratory organs, causing severe hypersensitivity to the central nervous system.

The presence of tapeworm parasites in the human body can lead to many consequences. The large tapeworm destroys the pancreas, causing intestinal obstruction, vitamin B12 deficiency, decreased hemoglobin, and anemia. Likewise, all tapeworm representatives can cause abdominal pain syndrome, bloating, and nausea.

Giardiasis. There are small amounts of these parasites in the human body. But they are safe within normal limits. As the condition worsens, their levels rise. This leads to vomiting, bitter taste due to liver and stomach disease, characteristic abdominal pain, bloating and stool disturbance.

Naturally, such symptoms of helminthiasis must be treated and must be prevented by comprehensive prevention.